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Home Home » Archives for 2017-03-19

Saturday, 25 March 2017

SUMMARY OF THE BOOK “IN DEPENDENCE

It is no longer news that 2017 UTME candidates will be tested on the book “In Dependence” by Sarah Ladipo Manyika. Irrespective of your course of study or method of testing, you will be tested on this book. The book is to be given to candidates after paying for the 2017 UTME registration. However, for most candidates who would prefer a soft copy of the book. Here is a summary of the book based on a review by IDOKO OJABO.

 SUMMARY OF THE BOOK “IN DEPENDENCE” Tayo Ajayi, a Nigerian, and Vanessa Richardson, an English lady, had their affair boiling when it began, however as circumstances have been meant to intervene, the connection went sore and it appeared nothing may ever carry them collectively.

The book (In dependence) has characters that behaved in like-patterns, like within the case of Tayo’s pal, Yusuf, who had dated tons of white English women.

He (Yusuf) ended up marrying a Nigerian Lady as predicted (Yusuf knew what he needed and appeared to get it).

Tayo additionally ended up the identical method in as a lot as his affair with Vanessa Richardson had been gleaming, though he had been out of the error of getting a younger lady (Miriam) pregnant.

And speaking of sample, the novel’s (In dependence) starting had opened up introducing Tayo’s affair with Christine, a Nigerian Igbo woman. One would suppose that Manyika needed to finish Tayo’s relationship with Christine for the sake of bringing in Vanessa into Tayo’s life, however nonetheless, Tayo needed to find yourself marrying Miriam. And nonetheless the wedding failed, giving in to the acquainted sample.

Miriam in Manyika’s novel (In dependence) represented the breeds of the Nigerians that may all the time run away to reside overseas because of the collapsing picture of their dwelling nation.

Miriam went away together with her daughter leaving Tayo behind. In as a lot as she persuaded Tayo, he wouldn’t go. She didn’t like an inconveniencing life. She needed the perfect life for her daughter.
 Tayo, on the opposite facet represented the crude breeds of Nigerians that felt dwelling was dwelling despite the fact that the nation was boiling in corruption. In as a lot because the failure of the nation stared firmly at his face with daggers, he selected to remain.

In direction of the late pages of the novel he needed to depart the nation underneath Threatening circumstances towards his life from the ruling navy regime.


The complete novel is informed from the great days of Nigeria’s independence down into the nineties. I applaud Manyika’s ink, right here. In as a lot because the setting of this novel floated by way of England, Senegal, USA, and France, she was ready to make use of her third eye to attract out Nigeria’s journey into the more serious lanes of corruption, and hopelessness.
Religion is one other situation that Manyika (In dependence) handled. It didn’t matter to her if one was a Muslim or Christian.

Studying by way of this novel, one couldn’t inform if Tayo got here from a Muslim or Christian household however we did know he embraced extra of the Christian religion. She didn’t level out the difficulties of inter-religious marriages within the novel (In dependence), however centred extra on the difficulties of interracial marriage.

Throughout Tayo’s life as an element time lecturer in Sans Francisco, the creator used a scene to unbolt some deeper points of racism.

She identified the racist ties between the African American and the pure African. These points she raised apply in all places even inside Nigerians. A Yoruba would check with an Igbo as a grasping cash monger and doubtful monster, and in flip the Igbo would check with the Yoruba as a unclean, loquacious and silly character who spend all he earns on events and alcohol. It needed to be understood that racism was one these existences that may reside for a very long time so far as misunderstanding between folks existed.

I captured traces which are coated with humour on this novel, however might be referred to as racial remarks. Younger black Yusuf got here clear in his dialog with Tayo. He mentioned white ladies have been for intercourse treats whereas black ladies have been for respectable relationships that would result in marriage. He added white lady regarded so previous when she turned thirty.

The worst racist on this e-book (In dependence) is Vanessa’s father who was a one time colonial grasp in Nigeria earlier than 1960.

He was towards Tayo marrying his daughter, and had refused to just accept Vanessa’s adopted half-cast son. He appeared extra racial towards half-casts earlier within the novel (In dependence) confronting Tayo about his fears for a half-cast grandchild. It was later understood that his hatred for the blacks was consequently of an affair his spouse had with a black man through the colonial period.

Manyika, whose image reveals she is probably half-cast, was capable of make a degree right here. She drew a distinction between being black and being a half-cast (brown). This could have been fairly a storm for her to jot down about as a result of of the racial wind towards the brown folks residing in whitely dominated areas. In distinction to a pure black nation, half-casts are seen lovely which Manyika didn’t level out. In reality within the black continent, the standard black man could really feel inferior to a half-cast

Manyika was additionally capable of painting the polemic assault Nigerians obtain from all over the world nowadays. She didn’t carry this to print however the picture was represented, and I needed to determine it out. I can say it clouds across the ache felt every time an IELTS or TOEFL examination is required earlier than a Nigerian may research overseas. This doesn’t exclude a masters’ diploma

Does the world suppose Nigerians converse Latin or Greek or some sort of language referred to as ‘Nigerian’? ‘I said I haven’t heard you converse Nigerian,’ Joyce says

Joyce is one of Manyika’s English characters. And I like the way in which Yusuf replies this. ‘Nobody speaks Nigerian, you daft thing,’.

 A coincidence on this novel which I refuse to just accept was the scene during which Vanessa had simply come throughout one of her finest music, Hugh Maskela, a music that reminded her of Nelson Mandela and on the same day, not even up to two hours if I could rightly predict, her white husband is presenting her with ‘Long Walk to Freedom’, Nelson Mandela’s biography.

What a coincidence! I additionally don’t embrace the truth that Manyika noticed hope for Nigeria by way of the eyes of Tayo solely when Abacha died. There are nonetheless Abacha loyalists in Nigeria as we speak who will discover this offending. She ought to have saved the road in a riddle.

Vanessa did meet with Tayo on the finish of the novel, nevertheless it was laborious to foretell if in any respect a love relationship was ignited between them. Vanessa was nonetheless married, however Tayo wasn’t. Manyika maintained a non-adulterous plight between the 2 right here. The happy-ending-formula which most romance writers adapt was by some means blurring within the novel
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Friday, 24 March 2017

MARKETS

Market is defined as any means or medium through which buyers and sellers are brought into close contact with a view if buying and selling of goods and services.

TYPES OF MARKET
there are four types of market

1.  COMMODITY MARKET - This is a geographical location where commodities such as foodstuffs, clothes,  book etc. Are bought and sold

2.  MONEY MARKET - This is the main market for short term loans and services

3.  CAPITAL MARKET - This market deals with long - term loans, sales and purchase of shares,  debentures and stock exchange Markets.

4.  LABOUR MARKET - This is a market,  where labour is bought and sold.

5.  FACTOR MARKET - This is a market where all factors of production land, labour and capital are bought and sold.

6.  STOCK EXCHANGE MARKET - This is a market in which the buying and selling of shares take place,  participants in the market are BROKERS AND JOBBERS. The former is an agent while the later buy and sell shares for himself

FUNCTIONS

• Helps government and firms to raise funds

• Markets for efficient utilization of capital

• Create market for securities



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The sovereignty of God

(I) GOD THE CREATOR
(II)GOD THE CONTROLLER OF THE UNIVERSE
Read for this lesson : Genesis chapter 1 and 2.

SOVEREIGNTY MEANS :
(a) The power of the state to make laws and enforce the laws.
(b) The power of government to make itself obeyed by the people without outside interference
(c) A state whose citizens obey it laws and the state is not under any foreign control or rule
(d) A state that has overall control over it territory
(e) An authority which is not subject to any superior power

God's SOVERIGNTY
God's sovereignty means his unlimited power over the world.  God has all power.  He has unlimited knowledge.  He is present everywhere.  

GOD'S SOVEREIGNTY IN ACTION
God demonstrates his sovereignty in the following ways :

• God created everything

• He sustains what he has created

• He protects everything he has created

• He makes provision for everything he has created.

• He takes absolute care of everything he has Created

 GOD THE CREATOR
 in the beginning, only God was.  He created the world.  When he created Earth,  it had no form.  There was total darkness.  God created the world in six days.
During the first five days God created things by commanding them to be.

 • On the first day,  God created the heaven and the earth.  Water and darkness filled the earth.  Then God created LIGHT to get DAY and NIGHT,  simply by saying "Let there be light "

 • On the second day, God created the FIRMAMENT or SKY. he called the firmament HEAVEN '

 • On the third day,  God created DRY LAND AND THE SEA. He called the dry land EARTH ' then he created trees and plants bearing seeds and fruits

 • On the fourth day,  God created the sun to give light during the day.  Then He created the moon and the stars to give light at night

 • On the fifth day,  God created sea animals such as fishes and crocodile.  Then he made the birds of the air

 • On the sixth day,  God created land animals of different kinds like the cattle and the creeping animals Lastly, God created man on that day.

God rested from all work on the seventh day.  He called the seventh day SABBATH. He blessed it and set it apart as a memorial day of his creation.

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Monday, 20 March 2017

Myopia By Syl Cheney Coker

The poem catches the peasant harrowing, pathetic And pathos condition in our society, but this is not so with the political class.  There is a big game between the peasants who are wretched and poor and those in political positions who are wealthy. The word "Myopia" means short sightedness, which is the inability to see things clearly.

• In the first stanza, the poet captured the dejection and frustration of peasant in our society.  They are always drenched on a raining morning. The peasant who are shivering and emaciated walk along the beautiful wild street, unhappy, uncomfortable, and dejected.

• In the second stanza, the poet persona compares his mind to railway track where, trains of anguish run on.  This means that the peasants mind are full of worry, anguish and pain because they are suffering.

• In the last stanza, the poetic persona is distressed about the situation of things in his country,  He therefore calls for revolution against the political class who are the architect of their problems.

 POETIC DEVICES 

1.  REPETITION : Boulevard is repeated in line five (5) and six (6
(I) HANGING is repeated in line eighteen (18) and nineteen (19)
(II) NOT BY IT NECK NOT BY IT BUT BY IT HEART SEEN IN IT GREAT BETRAYAL

2. METAPHOR
(I) Are railway tracks in my heart
(II) The rice pads of this
(III) Are putrid marshland in my soul

3. SYMBOLISM
(I) Mountain represents Sierra Leone
(II) Madness represents neglect and corruption

4.  STRUCTURE
The poem has twenty-one (21) lines,  it is divided into three (3) stanzas.
Stanza one gives a graphic picture of peasants, while stanza two describes the cause of peasants predicament which is as a result of neglect of their national monument.  Stanza three prescribes a revolution as the only remedy to end corruption and neglect in Sierra Leone

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STRANGE MEETING BY WILFRED OWEN

The poem is about negative effects of war and aftermath of the perpetrators of war.
War is a situation in which two or more countries or group of people fight against each other over a period of time. Wilfred Owen's "Strange meeting" is a snapshot of the fate of those who encourage, perpetrate and prosecute war in the society.

• In the first stanza of the poem, the poet describes a strange encounter he had.  He says that it seems that he has escaped from a battle of war to se Great dull tunnel that has since been dug through granite which has been affected by the great war " Titanic was"

• In the third stanza, the poet persona says time is very fast in hell. And unlike the earth, there is more griven in hell.

• In the fourth stanza, the poet persona posits that his courage and wisdom have turned into mystery.  He goes further to say that because he is in hell,  he has missed how the world is retiring to "Vain citadel".

• In the last stanza, the poet persona meets the person whom he has frowned at and killed the previous night in a war in hell and also the poet concludes that anybody that has taken part in a war will go to hell.

 Poetic Device : alliteration , oxymoron, allusion, repetition personification, assonance, onomatopoeia, and anthesis

ALLITERATION : 

Then, a i probed Them one Sprang and Stared (the word written with capital letters are the alliteration )

ANTITHESIS :
I am the enemy you killed my friend

ONOMATOPOEIA :
And no guns thumped or down the flies made moan

PERSONIFICATION :
By his dead smile I know we stood in hell
None will break rank though NATIONS TREK from progress

STRUCTURES:
The poem has five (5) stanzas Each of the stanza describes the poet strange encounter and meeting in hell

THEMES 

• The negative effects of war : during war the people normally suffer, there are loss of lives and property, hunger, devastation which often make people down cast.

• TRUTH : The poet persona wants to tell the truth without any restriction.

WAGES OF SIN IS DEATH : Anybody who has taken part in war and has also killed will surely die.

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Basic concepts of Government

Basic concepts of Government
Include

1.  CAPITALISM  : this is the political economic system whereby most or all aspects of life such as means of production and distribution of work are controlled by an individual
SOCIALISM  : this is the political economic system whereby motor all aspect of life such as means of production and distribution of work are controlled by state ( Karl Marx godfather of Germany who propounded the concept of socialism between 1880 and 1883)

3.  GERONTOCRACY : this is a system of government whereby the oldest man in a society hold governmental power or position.

4. ARISTOCRACY : this is a system of government whereby people that are born into a Royal family hold governmental power or position.
  Also means a system of government whereby people with a highest social class hold governmental power or position
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MESOPHYTES

MESOPHYTES
These are land plants found in environment with adequate (moderate) water supply. They posses the following characteristics
1.  Well developed root and shoot system
2.  Broad and flattened leaves for faster rate of transpiration
3.  Waxy article covers the body surfaces to minimize water loss
4.  Stomata are present on leaves in a moderate quantity
Examples of MESOPHYTES
1.  Hibiscus
2.  Maize
3.  Cowpea
4.  Cassava etc
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HYDROPHYTES

Hydrophytes
  These are plant that live in fresh water. All plants of their body is immersed in water.  They are adapted to their environment in the following ways

1.  They have the ability to float in water
2.  They have poorly developed root system
3.  Well developed stomata on the upper surface only
4.   Submerged plants have air places for buoyancy
5.  Presence of long stem or stalk for photosynthesis and pollination.

EXAMPLES OF HYDROPHYTES 
1. Water lily
2. Water lettuce
3. Water hyacinth
4.  Ceratophyllum e.t.c

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Adaptation

Generally, organisms develop features that enable them to live (adapt) successfully and reproduce in a particular environment.  These features may be as a result of changes in structure, functions or behaviors for the purpose of survival in an environment.
Definition of Adaptation
Adaptation is simply defined as the ability of an organism to survive in an environment due to its structural, functional and behavioral changes that enables it to live successfully in that particular environment or habitat

AQUATIC AND TERRESTRIAL ADAPTATION 
The two most contrasting environment are the aquatic and terrestrial environment. Organisms living in each of these environment must show adaptation features suited for their particular environment. These adaptive features are determined by
1. Nature of medium of gaseous exchange ( that is water or air)
2. Osmoregulation and water loss
3 Ability to move about within the environment

Adaptation of plants to Aquatic and Terrestrial environment 
Availability of water through rainfall is the main environmental factor that is responsible for the major biomes of the world. This is because plants (producers) are greatly affected by the availability of water and show various adaptations that are related to the amount of water in their environment.
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