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Tuesday, 28 March 2017

Words and meanings to boost your exam

Words Meaning
Kleptomaniac Compulsive desire to steal
Beleaguered Harassed
Destitution Extremely poor
Rancorous Feeling of bitterness
Tripper Person who goes on a pleasure trip
Vendetta Feud
Guise False outward appearance
Loafers Spend time idly
Elusive Eluding and escaping
Rivulets Very small stream of water
Gale Very strong wind
Blared Loud harsh sound
Elucidate Explain
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Monday, 27 March 2017

Common mistakes in English

Everyday in our lifetime we use the common language to communicate to each that is using The English language to communicate most times we make blunder out of it but who cares! When I think it's time to atleast reduce the error we make if not for anything but for examination here we shall be dealing with " UNNECESSARY WORDS "

1. Using a double comparative.
Don't say/write : He is more stronger than George
Say/write : He is stronger than George.
Double comparative are incorrect : " more stronger" ought to be only "stronger". 
 However , we can say/write "much stronger. "

2. Misuse of adjectives that cannot be compared.
Don't say/write : My work is more perfect than his.
Say/write : My work is superior to his.
Or : My work is better than his.
Certain adjectives cannot be compared :perfect, unique, preferable, Supreme, right e.t.c. 

3. " Return back " used instead of "return "
Don't say/write : She has returned back to school.
Say/write : She has returned to school. 
The word "back" cannot be used with "return, " since "return" means to come back. 

4.  " Have got" used instead of "have."
Don't say/write : He has got blue eyes and red hair.
Say/write : He has blue eyes and red hair.
"Get" means to acquire; "has got" should therefore not be used unless the intended meaning is has acquired :  as He has got his reward at last. 
Note. In conversation, however, it is more idiomatic to say,  "he has got blue eyes and red hair". 

5. "Begin from" used instead of "Begin. "
Don't say/write : Examinations begin from Thursday
Say/write : Examinations begin on Thursday. 
A thing can BEGIN only at a point be used to apply to the whole time during which a thing is being done. 

6. Using " Far " with a phrase of definite distance.
Don't say/write : He lives two miles far from here.
Say/write : He lives two miles from here. 
When a phrase of definite distance (like "two miles") is used in a sentence, the word "Far" cannot be used also.  But we can say,  "HE LIVES TWO MILES AWAY"

7. "Consider as " used instead of "Consider. "
Don't say/write : He considers me as his best friend.
Say/write : He considers me his best friend. 
The word "consider" cannot be followed by "as" but we say,  "He regards me as his best friend"

8. Wrong repetition of object.
Don't say/write : The Doctor I know him very well.
Say/write : i know the doctor very well.
 In the sentence given, the words "Doctor" and "him" denote one and the same object : therefore, either "Doctor" or "him" maybe used, but not both in the same sentence.

9.  Wrong use of "that" in direct speech.
Don't say/write : He said that,  " I am sure to pass "
Say/write : He said,  "I am sure to pass. "
We cannot use "that" in direct speech :  that is,  when we repeat without any change the words that some other person has spoken.

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Sunday, 26 March 2017


DEFINITION : It is the persistent rise in the general price level of goods and services.  It is measured by the price index.  If the rise in price is very rapid,  we talk of galloping inflation or hyper inflation and a runaway inflation.

• Too much Money : is a situation where there's is too much money in circulation.  When this happens, too money will chase the relatively few goods and services available

 • Cost of Production : A situation where the cost of producing goods and services increase very rapidly  and it could arise when energy energy input increases without a corresponding increase in total output.  This could also be referred to as Cost-Push inflation.

• War Time : During war, people are disturbed and few goods and services are produced.  The effect is scarcity of goods and services and a general rise in prices.

• Executive Demand : If workers salaries and wages are increased, the purchasing power of the workers also increase. This could cause shortages and scarcity of goods and services.  This kind of inflation is also known as Demand - pull inflation

• Climate Conditions : In agriculture, good climatic condition means good harvest, all things being equal.  But natural hazard such as drought, excessive rain, insect pest and plant disease could bring about poor harvest.  This will lead to scarcity of goods.

• Restriction of Free Trade : The government ban on goods and services could cause inflation.  For instance, high import duties, ban on essential commodities that cause artificial scarcity are all agent of inflation.

• Monopolistic and unfair business practices example hoarding of goods and imported inflation can cause a rise in the price(s) of goods and service.

• The action of the government in order to stimulate a trade depression : the devaluation of the country's currency by the introduction of SFEM and FEM in Nigeria


1. Borrowers :  Specifically long term - loans benefit during inflationary period

2. Those on fixed incomes example pensioners, stand to suffer in real life,  since they cannot buy enough goods with their fixed income.

3. Discourage savings as people prefer to spend immediately for fears of further decline in the value of their currency.

4. Naturally, creditors stand to lose during inflationary period since the value of money paid to them has been seriously eroded.

5.  Inflation could discourage future investment.  Future profit is difficult to determine and business confidence is low.  Nevertheless, whether or not to go into investment depends on the rate of inflation.

 1.  Government granting subsidies to maintain prices and reduce cost of production and subsequently reduce prices.

2.  Reducing import and Excise duties will lead to the reduction of prices both on imported goods and locally produced ones

3.  Constant, but large importation of scarce goods and services ( this could be a short term measure )

4. The use of fiscal measures - ( Taxation ) increasing income tax to reduce workers purchasing power.  In West Africa, this might not be effective because of the high population in the private sector

5. Reducing government spending or recurrent expenditure

6. Increasing supply : Scarcity of goods causes inflation.  Increasing supply of goods to exceed demand will bring about a fall in price

7. Price control system : Under this system, all essential goods example milk,  soaps,  drinks have a fixed price.  Nobody can sell above that level.

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