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Friday, 1 September 2017

Common mistakes in English

LET'S LEARN

WORDS FREQUENTLY USED NOT FOUND IN THE DICTIONARY

1. INSTALLMENTALLY
This “word” is a favourite of many Nigerians, but, sadly, it simply does not exist. You won’t find it any reputable dictionary. The correct thing to say when “installmentally” comes to your mind is in _"instalments"_ or _"by instalments"_.
*2. PLUMBY
Nigerians use _“plumpy”_ when they want to say that someone is chubby or slightly fat. The correct expression is _plump_.

3. DISVIRGIN
This particular “word” is used severally on a daily basis, especially by Nigerian men when they intend saying that a woman has lost her virginity to a guy. The correct word to use, however, is _"deflower"_, because “disvirgin” is not a word.

4. CROSS-CARPENTING
This is a favourite of Nigerian politicians and political analysts alike. They use it when they want to say that a politician has dumped his political party for another party, usually a rival party. The right terms to use when describing this scenario are _"party switching"_, _"defection"_ and _"crossing the floor"_ and not “cross-carpeting” or “crosscarpeting.”

5. GO-SLOW
The word go-slow exists, but not in the way Nigerians use it. A “go-slow,” in the peculiarly Nigerian context, is a situation in which road traffic is very sluggish due to vehicle queues. However, go-slow in the English language actually means _"an industrial tactic used by employees whereby they intentionally reduce activity, productivity and efficiency in order to press home some demands"_. When this happens, you say that work in the office, factory or organization is at a go-slow. The correct terms to use when road traffic is very sluggish due to vehicle queues are _"traffic jam"_, _"traffic congestion"_, _"gridlock"_, and (less technically) _"hold-up"_, not “go-slow.”

6. CUNNY
“Cunny” is not found in authoritative dictionaries, but it can be found in some slang dictionaries. Over there, it is a slang used to refer to a woman’s private part. The correct term to use is _"cunning"_ (which is used to describe someone that is being deceitful or crafty) and not “cunny.”

7. OPPORTUNED
There is nothing like “opportuned” anywhere in the English language, but that has not stopped its blatant use by all and sundry in Nigeria, including journalists and writers. The correct word is _"opportune"_. The word opportune is an adjective; therefore it has no past tense. An adjective has no past tense. However, some verbs can function as adjectives or adverbs in a sentence. These verbs are called participles and they do have past tenses. They are not pure adjectives. Examples of participles are fattened, amused, disgusted, mystified, overwhelmed, upset and bored. Be that as it may, opportune is a pure adjective and not a participle, therefore it has no past tense. Opportune means appropriate or well-timed.

8. ALRIGHT
“Alright” is a misspelling of the term _"all right"_. All right is used when you want to say that something is adequate, acceptable, agreeable or suitable. To hardcore English language linguists, “alright” is not a word. However, its usage is gaining traction and it’s increasingly becoming acceptable. The Merriam-Webster Dictionary – which is considered the gold standard among American English speakers – has recently drawn a lot of criticisms for its permissiveness when it began indexing some otherwise colloquial and street language terms, including “alright.” Most linguists disagree with the gradual acceptance of “alright” as a word by the public and even the media, while those in the minority are “alright” with it. 😁

9. WAKE-KEEPING
“Wake-keeping” exists only in the imagination of a few English speakers. As a matter of fact, there is no such thing as “wake-keeping.” The correct word is _"wake"_ and not even “wake-keep.” Both “wake-keeping” and “wake-keep” are ungrammatical.

10. SCREENTOUCH
This bad grammatical expression gained currency in Nigeria and neighbouring West African countries with the influx of made-in-China stylus pen touchscreen not-so-smart phones in the mid 2000s. It was a novelty then; many in Nigeria had not seen it – or even thought such advanced technology was possible – before. So, they looked for a name to call it and “screentouch” came to mind, after all you just touch the screen and it starts working. In case you’ve still not figured it out yet, the correct thing to say is _"touchscreen"_ and not screentouch.

11. TRAFFICATOR

There is no word like this. Nigerians use it when driving and want to alert other road users that the driver wants to turn to either left or right. The correct term is _"indicator"_ as a sign to indicate that the driver is either turning right or left.

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Thursday, 31 August 2017

Ambassadors of Poverty by P.O.C Umeh

The poem is a satirical poem in which the poet expresses disgust at various economic saboteurs in the country.  He recounts in an objective way various persons who are involved in economic sabotage.
  He aptly condemns dubious politicians who promises electorate heaven on earth but as soon as they have taken the oath of office and assumed power, they immediately forget the masses who voted for them.

• In the first stanza of the  poem,  the poet posit that the authorized representative of poverty are those who are in charge of the economy in this country. He calls them " patriot " in reverse order and "merchant of loot" these groups of people loot the country Treasury and takes their booty to Western and Eastern countries for safe keeping.

• In the sixth stanza, the poet condemn the politicians whom he referred to as " the round trippers/ the elusive importers. "

POETIC DEVICES

Repetition, Anthesis, Irony, Alliteration, Assonance and Metaphor

1. Anthesis
(I) the dubious sit-tight patriot

2.  Irony
(I) The saviour of the people

3.  Metaphor
(I) Ambassadors of poverty represents everybody who don't have interest of his/her country at heart.

STRUCTURE OF AMBASSADORS OF PVERTY
The poem has nine (9) stanzas

Theme
* Corruption
* Negative effect of violence
* Betrayal of trust
* The need to encourage agriculture in our country.


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Monday, 28 August 2017

The use of Relative Pronoun

Basically there are five (5) relative pronoun but before we look into the that lets define the word Pronoun. What are pronoun?
These are word used instead of a noun or name, to avoid the repetition of it. The personal pronouns in English are I, thou or you, he, she, it, we, ye, and they. Haven't defined the word Pronoun. Now let's look at the five (5) relative pronoun which are
1. Who
2. Which
3. Whose
4. Whom
5. That
    Functionally we use them in what we call relativisation. We mean the process in grammar by which independent ( main clause ) are made subordinate ( dependent clause ) by introduction of a relative pronoun example
Mr Ola ( subject sentence ) is the landlord ( subject content ).

I ( subject ) like the landlord's daughter (direct object)

Mr Ola whose daughter I like ( in relative clause ) is the landlord

How do we use WHO?
Huge question right? Hahaha but don't worry we are here to explain.
Who is a relative pronoun that is used as the subject of a relative clause.
Example
I ( subject ) saw the woman ( object ) who stole the baby (relative clause)

The student who fought the principle (relative clause) is not in class today.
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