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Tuesday, 12 December 2017

Tolerance : The Wooden Spoon kids stories

Once upon a time, there lived in a city, a man and his two wives. Their home was always full of quarrels and unhealthy rivalry.

The two wives lived as cat and mouse, always at each other's throat. The man tried very hard to restore peace in the home but it was very difficult. The two women could not tolerate each other as they both seriously competed for their husband's love and favour.

   One day, the junior wife went to the stream to wash up the cooking pots and plates as the taps were all dried up in the city. As she washed , a wooden spoon slipped off her hand and rolled up with the waves down the middle of the stream.

It was the senior wife's spoon! What was going to happen next is better imagined than witnessed.

The woman thought of what to do. There was compromise, as she knew they could never tolerate any mistake from each other as co-wives.

She therefore, jumped inside the stream in search of the wooden spoon. singing and crying as she moved along.

Suddenly, she saw that she was sinking and no one came to her rescue. She found herself in a large palace and a bald headed man met her at the entrance. He asked her questions about her mission to this strange place.

The woman wept bitterly as she told the story of her relationship with her senior partner. The man then brought a marble, which he presented to the woman. she was asked to go back home and invite the senior wife before breaking the marble so they could both share whatever came from the marble, and thereafter  begin a new life.

   The woman was shown the way out of the stream and back to her home. She invited the senior wife who immediately flared up at her. She was not ready to listen to any story. The junior wife hit the marble on the wall. As soon as it broke into pieces, beautiful and costly items came up such as jewelries, clothes, money etc. She invited the senior wife to have her own share but she refused and shouted at her saying "Who is your mate? Please just mind your own business. I know how you came about this anyway."

The senior wife rushed out of the house and went the same stream. She jumped inside the water in search of her own fortune because she could not tolerate her junior wife under the same roof, not with new developement.

The senior wife found herself at the bald headed man's palace and was given the same treatment.
 When she got back home, she locked herself up in her room and broke the marble into pieces anxiously. There came out snakes, poisonous insect and scorpions and she was bitten to death.

It good to tolerate your partners, tho it may be hard.
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Sunday, 10 December 2017

Human Trafficking - Civic Education


Meaning of Human Trafficking

Human trafficking is an illegal trade of human being for the purpose of commercial sexual exploitation or reproductive slavery, forced labour, etc. The major victims of human trafficking are women and children. When women are the persons being brought and sold, it is called women trafficking. When it is a forced labour, commercial sexual exploitation, etc.
Human trafficking should be rejected in its totality. Today, we see a number of human trafficking cases involving children and women. This should be discouraged.
       Many innocent girls and children became victims by means of threat, force, coercion and abduction or of the giving or receiving of payment to gain their consent for the purpose of exploitation.

Causes of Human Trafficking

Human trafficking is caused by a number of factors, which we shall be analyzing below:
  1. Poverty : This is a situation of being poor. This situation or experience has led many people to fall victims of human trafficking. The traffickers promise them money and jobs. Upon arrival at their destinations, the victims are held against  their will and are forced to work or provide services to the traffickers. These services range from forced labour to commercialized sexual exploitation, etc.
  2. Unemployment : Due to the high level of unemployment in Nigeria, people would do anything to find greener pastures in other countries, especially Europe and America. So when these people are approached, they are easily deceived.
  3. Greed : this is a situation in which a person has a strong desire for more money, food, possessions, etc than he or she needs. These desires can lead such a person to be lured into commercialized sexual exploitation in the name of wanting to make money. Every individual should be contented with whatever he or she has. Contentment will help to resist any temptation that may come from traffickers.
  4. Low Self-esteem : Self esteem means self respect. It is a feeling of being satisfied with one's abilities. When one does not believe in himself or herself or does not respect his or her own abilities, such as an individual with low esteem can easily be lured away by sweet and vain promises of traffickers. It is important to respect ourselves and our abilities.
  5. Corruption: This is a dishonest, illegal or immoral behavior especially with someone with power or position of authority.
            Many people became victims of human trafficking as a result of someone exercising power, authority or position over them. Victims have no confidence to question the authority forcing them into this modern day slavery.
        Therefore, a strong appeal goes to people in power and positions of authority not to abuse their office, power and authority in order to subject a fellow human being to unpleasant experiences in situation.

Effects and Consequences of Human Trafficking 

The effects and consequences of human trafficking include thew following : 
  • Unwanted pregnancy : This occurs as a result of commercialized sexual exploitation.
  • HIV/AIDS: This occurs as a result of unprotected sexual exploitation of the victims.
  • Death: This occur as a result of illness or sickness which victims may experience without adequate health facilities.
  •  Stigmatization : This is a situation whereby a person's self worth is destroyed and he or she is treated harshly. Victims of human trafficking are stigmatized in the society.  
  • Violation of Fundamental Human Rights : Trafficking violates the fundamental rights of a person to life, liberty and the security of the person, and to be free from slavery of all forms.     

Efforts of Government and Individual To Stop Human Trafficking

Nigeria government has tried in full capacity to stop human trafficking in Nigeria. To end this, National Agency for Prohibition of Traffic in Persons and other Related Matters (NAPTIP) was established. The establishment or creation of this agency is the federal government of Nigeria's response to addressing the scourge of human trafficking Nigeria.

Functions of NAPTIP:

  1. To adopt witness protection measures.
  2. Coordination of all laws on trafficking in person and related offences.
  3. Adoption of measures to increase the effectiveness of eradication of trafficking in person.
  4. To enhance effectiveness of law enforcement agents to suppress traffic in person.
  5. To establish proper communication channels, conduct research and work on improving international cooperation in the suppression of trafficking persons, by land, sea and air.
  6. To reinforce and supplement measures in bilateral and multilateral treaties and convections on trafficking in persons.
  7. To work in collaboration with other agencies or bodies that may ensure elimination and prevention of the root causes of the problem of trafficking in person.
  8. To strengthen and enhance effective legal means for international activities of traffic in persons.
  9. To strengthen cooperation between the Attorney-General of the Federation, Nigeria Police, Nigeria Immigration Services, Nigeria Customs Services, the Nigeria Prison services, welfare officials and all other agencies in the eradication of traffic in persons. 
  10. To take charge, supervise, control and coordinate the rehabilitation of trafficked persons.
  11. To investigate and prosecute traffickers.
Others ways through which government tried to eradicate trafficking in persons is enactment of law against human trafficking.                                                                  
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