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Saturday, 20 October 2018

Fugus University Gusau (FUGUSAU) Has Released The UTME/Direct Entry

Authorities of the Fugus University Gusau (FUGUSAU) has released the UTME/Direct Entry Admission List Out Online for 2018/2019 Academic Session.

candidates that participated in the Federal University, Gusau (FUGUS) post UTME screening exercise that they can now check their admission status, as the management of the institution has released the admission list for the 2018/2019 academic session.

How to Check FUGUS Admission List:

As at the time of this publication, the list is only available on JAMB Admission Status Checking portal. Follow the procedure below to know your FUGUS admission status:

• Go jamb.org.ng/efacility

• Login to your Jamb profile with your username and password.

•Scroll down then locate and click the ‘Check Admission Status‘ tab.
Select your Exam year and Enter your registration number in the required columns.

•Finally, click on ‘Check Admission Status‘ to access your FUGUS admission status.

Successfully admitted? You have to ACCEPT or REJECT your admission offer on JAMB portal
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Adekunle Ajasin University Releases Departmental Cut off Mark

The Adekunle Ajasin University (AAUA) Releases cut off mark for 2018/2019 academic session. 

This is to inform all students who applied for the 2018/2019 admission screening into the institution Adekunle Ajasin University [AAUA] are hereby informed that the admission cut-offs mark is out. 

AAUA CUT-OFF MARK FOR 2018/2019 ACADEMIC SESSION

FACULTY OF AGRICULTURE

Agricultural Economics
Merit: 43
Catchment: 40

Agricultural Extension and Rural Development
Agronomy
Animal Science
Fisheries and Aquaculture
Merit: 42
Catchment: 40

Forestry and Wildlife Management
Merit: 42
Catchment: 40

FACULTY OF ARTS

English Studies
Merit: 60
Catchment: 55

History and International Studies
Merit: 60
Catchment: 55

Performing Arts
Merit: 55
Catchment: 50

Yoruba
Merit: 40

Linguistics
Merit: 55
Catchment: 50

Linguistics/Yoruba
Merit: 43
Catchment: 40

Philosophy
Merit: 50
Catchment: 45

Religious Studies
Merit: 45
Catchment: 40

NOTE:
Candidates who initially applied to Philosophy and Religious Studies are directed to change to another desirable course for which they are qualified.

FACULTY OF EDUCATION 

Adult Education 
Merit: 40
English Education 
Merit: 55
Catchment:50

History Education 
Merit: 45
Catchment: 42

Religious Education 
Merit: 40

Yoruba Education 
Merit: 40

Biology Education 
Merit: 53
Catchment: 50

Chemistry Education 
Merit: 40

Computer Science Education 
Merit: 49
Catchment: 47

Integrated Science Education 
Merit: 40

Mathematics Education 
Merit: 40

Physics Education 
Merit: 40

Health Education 
Merit: 47
Catchment: 45

Human Kinetics Education 
Merit: 40

Technical Education 
Merit: 40

Guidance & Counseling 
Merit: 45
Catchment: 42

Early Childhood Education 
Merit: 45
Catchment: 42

Educational Management 
Merit: 57
Catchment: 45

Geography Education 
Merit: 40

Political Science Education 
Merit: 45
Catchment: 43

Economics Education 
Merit: 45
Catchment: 43

Social Studies Education 
Merit: 40

FACULTY OF LAW  
Law
Merit: 67
Catchment: 65

FACULTY OF SCIENCE 

Biochemistry 
Merit: 56
Catchment: 54

Chemistry 
Merit: 47
Catchment: 45

Industrial Chemistry 
Merit: 47
Catchment: 45

Environmental Biology and Fisheries 
Merit: 44
Catchment: 43

Computer Science 
Merit: 53
Catchment: 45

Mathematics 
Merit: 40

Industrial Mathematics 
Merit: 40

Geology 
Merit: 40

Geophysics 
Merit: 40

Microbiology 
Merit: 56
Catchment: 52

Physics and Electronics 
Merit: 40

Plant Science and Biotechnology 
Merit: 44
Catchment: 43

FACULTY OF SOCIAL AND MANAGEMENT SCIENCES 

Accounting 
Merit: 56
Catchment: 50

Banking and Finance 
Merit: 50
Catchment: 45

Business Administration 
Merit: 52
Catchment: 48

Criminology and Security Studies 
Merit: 64
Catchment: 59

Economics 
Merit: 54
Catchment: 52

Geography and Planning Sciences 
Merit: 43
Catchment: 40

Mass Communication 
Merit: 66
Catchment: 59

Political Science 
Merit: 55
Catchment: 52

Public Administration 
Merit: 51
Catchment: 48

Pure and Applied Psychology 
Merit: 43
Catchment: 40

Sociology 
Merit: 50
Catchment: 48
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UNILAG 2018/2019 Merit Registration Exercise for UTME Candidates

Unilag 2018/2019 Merit Registration Exercise for all newly admitted UTME undergraduate candidates has been scheduled to hold from Monday, 22nd October to Friday, 9th November, 2018, in various faculties between 9:00a.m. and 3:00p.m. daily. Please note that candidates are to report by 8:30a.m. for the exercise.

Prospective candidates are to check their admission status on JAMB website.

All newly admitted candidates are advised to adhere strictly to the registration schedule and screening procedure as shown below:



SCREENING PROCEDURE


Stage 1: Uploading of Documents
Login to the Unilag Students Portal (www.unilag.edu.ng → students → student login) and fill the biodata form, print the Screening Form. Students are expected to upload the underlisted documents while filling the Biodata form:

Birth Certificate
Letter of Reference
Testimonial from Secondary Schools attended
Certificate of State of Origin
JAMB Admission Letter
Previous Degree Certificate (DE Students)

 Stage 2: Screening
(A) Proceed to the Faculty for registration as scheduled

(B) Submit four copies of the underlisted documents to the Registration Officer:

Screening Form generated from Stage 1
UTME Result Slip
Unilag Post-UTME Result Slip
O’ Level Result Certificate (WAEC/NECO) OR Statement of Result with an online version of the result
Letter of Reference from a reputable Clergyman/Imam/Lawyer/Senior Civil Servant
Birth Certificate/Sworn Declaration of Age
Testimonial from Secondary Schools attended
Certificate of State Of Origin
JAMB Admission Letter
Passport Photographs (12 Copies)

 Stage 3: Payment of Fees
Generate pay advice
Proceed to any bank to make payment
 Stage 4: Faculty/Departmental Registration

Proceed to the Faculty & Departments for further registration processes

IMPORTANT NOTICE

Impersonation is a serious offence and anybody found guilty of this will automatically forfeit his/her admission and may be handed over to Security Operatives.
DRUG USE: The University has zero tolerance for drug use; hence a compulsory test shall be conducted for all newly admitted students before or after registration. The admission of newly admitted students that test POSITIVE TO DRUG USE shall be withdrawn.
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Women Protest Relocation Of DELSU 100 Level Students To Main Campus

Women of Isoko extraction have vowed not to give their votes to James Manager, the incumbent Senator representing Delta South senatorial district of Delta State, following the relocation of 100 level students of Faculty of Engineering from Oleh Campus, headquarters of Isoko South local government area to the main campus of the Delta State University (DELSU), by Manager’s kinsman and Vice Chancellor of the institution, Professor Victor Peretomode.

The pronouncement was made on Tuesday when women in their hundreds marched against the relocation of the students, alleging that the “dubious plot by the VC is to deny the Oleh Campus the needed revenue from the Engineering students, according to the tripartite system of funding the institution, which will hamper the development and sustainability of Oleh Campus”.

The women carried placards with various inscriptions such as ‘Prof. Peretomode, Send Back the 100 Level Engineering Students to Oleh Campus’; ‘Prof. Peretomode Stop Killing Oleh Campus’; ‘Prof. Peretomode Extend Development to Oleh Campus’; ‘Gov. Okowa Call Prof. Peretomode to Order,’ ‘Other University Campuses in Nigeria are not Run Like This’, among others, and issued a three-day ultimatum to the VC and the state government to revert the decision or face “the wrath of the Isoko people"
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Uniben Releases Admission List

The University of Benin (UNIBEN) Admission List for the 2018/2019 academic session is now available on the school portal.

All candidates who applied for admission in the university are therefore advised to proceed to check their admission status on the school’s website.
Candidates are to follow the procedure below to check their admission status;

How To Check UNIBEN Admission List

Candidates are to visit: https://uniben.waeup.org/login
Provide your Username and Password in the required Columns;
Click on “Login” and proceed to view your admission status.
Candidates are also advised to check for their admission status on the JAMB website and click on “ACCEPT” or “REJECT” to indicate acceptance or rejection of the admission offer.
NOTE: Clicking “REJECT” is an indication that the offer of admission has been rejected by candidate.

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Friday, 19 October 2018

Paragraph Development

Paragraph development
Paragraph Development

Paragraph can be developed in a number of ways, depending on your purpose, the topic, and the kind of reader you have in view. The different method of paragraph development can be considered in terms of two broad categories:
  1. Those which stay strictly within the scope of the topic example ; illustration, description, definitions, as well as cause ad effect.
  2. Techniques which involve a second topic example ; comparison and contrast.
The method of development that you choose should be the one that will most effectively put across the point that you want to make: the point you have stated in your topic sentence. There are no rules about the kind of development to be adopted in any writing situation, although some topic lend themselves more readily to certain kinds of development than they do to others. It must be realized, however, that you can combine more than one technique in composing a paragraph.

Development Of A Paragraph By Illustration

Giving examples is one of the easiest ways of developing a topic. When a writer gives examples in his Paragraph, he helps the reader to understand a rather difficult and abstract generalization which may be contained in the topic sentence. He is also able to persuade the reader that the generalization is correct because there are examples to support it. Examples also add to the readers interest.
We often introduce examples or illustrations by using expressions like : for example, for instance, an example, etc.
Example 1 :
All warm-blooded animals are incredibly helpless at first. Young birds and young bats must be taught to fly. Thousands of young seals and young sea Lions are drowned every year. They never learn to swim 'naturally',  the mother has to take them out under her flipper and show them how. Birds sing without instruction, but they do not sing well unless they have had opportunity of hearing older and more adept members of their species. Older harvest mice build better nests than beginners. It is said that the young elephant does not seen to know at first what  his trunk is for; it gets in his way and seems more of a hindrance than help until his parents shows him what to do with it. Insects, indeed, seems to start life completely equipped with all necessary reflexes, but even then the concept of ' instincts ' seems fitrequire some modification, for they improve their talents with practice. Young spiders, for example, "begins by making quite primitive little webs, and only attain perfection in their art in course of time;" and older spiders, if deprived of their spinnerets, will take to hunting. 
When giving examples in paragraph to support your topic sentence, keep in mind that;
  1. There should be enough examples to support your point;
  2. Each example should be logically related to your main idea
  3. Examples should be developed with interesting details as the above examples the writer of the paragraph above does not merely list the examples, but tells us in what way each of these animals is helpless, the results of their helplessness and how they become self-sufficient.
  4. The examples should represent a reasonable cross-secrion of the group you are dealing with.

Development Of A Paragraph By Description

You may never have to write descriptions which are complete in themselves, but you may need to include descriptions in other pieces of writing, examples personal letters, narratives, reports and travelogues. You may like to describe people, places, objects, habits and conditions, as well as scenes such as accidents.
Since descriptions are connected with detail, the larger and more precise your vocabulary, the better your descriptive writing will be. The following items are usually included in descriptive writing:
  • Place and position; direction;
  • Measurements: weight, size, volume, distance;
  • Shapes and patterns;
  • Colours and textures;
  • Materials and substance.
Example 2
Of the more than 20 species of small whales, our 300-pound Playboy is identified by his gunmetal hide, his 8 to 12 foot length and his laughing face. The porpoise has no teeth at birth; they begin to appear (from 44 to 50 in each jaw) a few weeks later. Though he sickles for about a year and half, he begins to munch small squid at four months. He breaths through a single nostril, a crescent-shaped blowhole in his head that close upon contact with water. This is also the source of his 'voice', and he can vibrate it like a human lip. His eyes, set just back from the mouth, are like a human being capable of ranging. He hears through a cushioned inner ear and periodic bone, and has the keenest auditory sense of any animal. His brain weights about 3.7 pounds, which in cell count per cutic centimetre is the same as man's . Some Marine biologists believe that porpoises may have a higher potential of IQ than man, but have never had to develop it because they are so perfectly adapted to their environment .
This description of the porpoise is a good example of the type of writing that seeks to create a clear and accurate word picture of a subject without specifically mentioning the author's feelings about it. Notice the way in which the writer has built up a picture of the porpoise. The first sentence gives the general characteristics of the porpoise. The rest of the sentences add details to develop the subject. These details are concerned with the physical appearance of the subject, such ad it teeth, nose, eyes, ears and brain. Most good descriptions follows this progression from the general to the more specific.
When you write a description, keep in mind that you must:
  1. Begin with general appearance;
  2. Sleet such physical details as will support the description of general appearance you have given in your first snetence;
  3. Describe each object by giving characteristics such as size, color, design, weight, and material;
  4. In some description, especially of scenes and landscapes, arrange your details in a definite order, such as near to far, high to low, left to right, etc. Some of the words used to indicate position are:
To the right
To the left
In the centre
Next to
Along the
Across
To the east/west/north/south

Above
Below
Opposite
Between
Right side

Beyond
Under
Over
On the eastern end
Alongside
Beneath
Surrounding
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Delta State Polytechnic Rescheduled Test Date

Delta State Polytechnic
Delta State Polytechnic

Delta State Polytechnic Rescheduled Test Date for the 2018/2019 academic session. All candidates who applied are hereby informed that the management has rescheduled the screening date earlier scheduled for 16th October, 2018 for School of applied science and Engineering and 17th October, 2018 for School of Business.

HND Courses Of Delta State Polytechnic.

The Delta State Polytechnic Available Higher National Diploma Courses are as below.,
  1. Accountancy
  2. Banking and Finance
  3. Business Administration and Management
  4. Computer Science
  5. Science Laboratory Technology (SLT)
  6. Statistics
  7. Computer Engineering
  8. Electrical/Electronic Engineering(Power & Machine and Telecoms Option)
  9. Mechanical Engineering(Power & Plant and Manufacturing Options)

Delta State, Otefe-Oghar HND Requirements.

The Delta State Polytechnic Admission requirements are:
a) 5 O’level Credits including Mathematics and English Language in subjects relevant to the candidate’s course of study.
b) National Diploma (ND) in a relevant course of course of study from NBTE accredited Polytechnic.
c) At least one year Post ND working experience in the area of specialization.
d) At least two years Post ND cognate working experience for candidates with Pass in their areas of specialization.

Otefe-Oghar HND Application Method.

To apply for Delta State Polytechnic please follow these procedures;
  • Log on to www.ogharapoly.edu.ng then click on HND Application Form.
  • Click the payment button to pay a non-refundable application fee of Ten Thousand Naira (N10,000.00) made online with Verve or Master debit card (ATM Card).
  • Fill the online application form with the requested information and submit.
  • Print two (2) copies of the online acknowledgement form to conclude the registration.

DESPO HND Screening Date.

Screening shall hold simultaneously for all courses on 16th and 17th October, 2018 at the various Departments.
Candidates are advised to come with writing materials and HB Pencil
Prospective Candidates should come to the screening exercise with the following documents:
  • 4 recent passport sized photographs with one each attached to the application/screening form and the two acknowledgement cards.
  • Bursary receipt for the purchase of the forms
  • Certificates/Statement of Result
  • Certificate of Local Government of Origin
Closing Date: Interested Candidates should apply on or before 10th October, 2018.
Note : If you want to share latest news in your school kindly click on this link Click me
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Unibadan 2018-2019 Admission Requirements

Unibadan 2018-2019 admission requirements
Visit University of Ibadan admission portal to submit the Online Application for Admission. Below are the general requirements;
unibadan 2018-2019 admission
In addition to combinations of subjects for each department as publicized in the JAMB brochure, every applicant should take into the consideration the following.
Unibadan accepts five credits at only one sitting in the following faculties:
Basic Medical Sciences
College of Medicine
Clinical Sciences
Pharmaсy
Dentistry
Public Health
The Unibadan recognizes five credits at one sitting and six credits at two sittings in the following faculties:
Arts
Science
Agriculture and Forestry
Law
Veterinary Medicine
Education Technology
The Social Sciences
All interested applicants should note that it is only when an “O” level result is lacking for a course of choice, that another result may be accessible to compliment the lacking one. All applicants with two “O” level results (two sittings) must confirm that the comprehensive details of both results are submitted.
Now you are aware of all the Unibadan 2018-2019 admission requirements. If you have any questions or comment kindly drop it below and we get back to you as soon as possible.
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Danger Of Blood Covenant

▃▂☻#βlood☻▂▃
Danger of blood covenant
TITLE : Danger Of Blood Convenant
(Episode 1)
My name is Jude, a student of community secondary school in Lagos Nigeria,am a handsome guy, my hobby is reading and football.
When i was in secondary school, in ss1 class, I dont have a girlfriend but i so much like to play with girls, almost all the girls in our class liked me because am very handsome and educated also, then i was still a virgin even as a man, am a virgin because i have not dated any lady in my life before, i have looked for many opportunity to have Sex with a lady but i found none, my virginity was just lack of opportunity, i want to test and see how Sex look like, but each time i make plans for it, the plan will be scatted and i will end up doing nothing, I was just waiting for any opportunity to come my way so that i can actually enjoy my self with a lady.
One day, i invited one of my classmate to visit me in my parents home, we scheduled the appointment on Saturday afternoon because i know that i will be in the house all alone and my parents might have gone to work by then.
on that fateful Saturday afternoon, my classmate Joy finally visit my house, i was so happy to see her, she never had the thought that i wanted to have Sex with her that particular day, she was visiting me with a clear mind, and she thought my parents will be at home.
when she finally arrived my home, she was surprise not to meet my parents in the house, i told her that my parents have gone to work, my father was a business man while my mother was working with a company.
when she came, i offered her drink, she was very happy to visit my house.
I dont know how to tell her that i want to sleep with her, so i started like this,
i said….
Joy do you know that i love you? She was smiling and she said nothing, i moved closer to her, i held her hands, i kissed her and i was touching her.
Joy was just smiling and she didnt say anything, i started playing with her seductively and immediately someone knocked at the door, when i opened the door, it was my friend Emeka, oh! i have missed another opportunity.
So we started gisting and discussing until Joy left my house.
Joy was my very close friend in class, she once told me that she is not a virgin, so this made me to have it at the back of my mind that i must sleep with Joy weather devil like it or not.
On Monday after that Saturday that Joy visited my house, we met in school and have some series of discussions, and from there, my love for her began to grow step my step, Joy was one of the most beautiful girl in our class, she is so gentle and she dont talk too-much.
After our ss1 class, we entered ss2 and our love was even growing more and more, one day i opened up to joy that i am still a virgin and i will like to sleep with her, i thought joy will be angry with me but she smiled and said ok.
She said she will allow me to sleep with her because she loved me so much, i was very shy to look at her face.
After 3 days of that discussion, Joy invited me to her parents house, she said her parents went for a church program, she was the only one at home, Joy was the only child of her parents, am the only child of my parents also, when i got to her house, she gave me food, i ate and after eating, she was the one that took me inside her bedroom, i made love to her that day and that was my first time and Joy was the first woman I had Sex with in my life. oh! my heart was filled with joy that very day and  iwent home smiling.
My love for Joy even grew more stronger, a day will never pass without calling her on phone, a day will never pass without hearing her sweet and succulent voice, i never knew that life could be so sweet until when i met Joy.
If You are Interested In Episode 2..
Drop your Comment...
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Immune Deficiency Virus (HIV) And AIDS

HIV stands for Human Immune-deficiency Virus (HIV). It is one of a group of viruses known as retrovirus. After getting into the body, the virus kills or damages cells of the body's immune system. The body tries to keep-up by making new cells or trying to contain the virus, but eventually the HIV wins out and progressively destroys the body's ability to fight infections and cancers, thereby paving way for life threatening opportunistic infections to thrive. This later becomes AIDS.
AIDS, on the other hand, stands for Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome . It is caused by HIV and occurs when the HIV virus has destroyed much of the body's defenses that the immune-cell counts fall to critical levels or certain life-threatening infections or cancer develop.
The illness interferes with the body's immune system making people with AIDS much more likely to get infections that ordinarily would not affect people when their immune system is functioning well.
HIV infection has now spread to every country in the world. Statistic shows that approximately forty million people are currently living with HIV infection, and an estimated 25,000,000 have died from the disease. The scourge of HIV has been particularly devastating in sub-Saharan Africa and South Africa.

Causes Of Human Immune-Deficiency Virus/AIDS

HIV/AIDS is transmitted and can be contracted in a number of ways. These include the following :

(i) Sexual Transmission

Most HIV infections in Nigeria and in the world at large are as a result of heterosexual sex, that is sex between the opposite sexes (male and female). This is due to lack of information about sexual health and HIV, low levels of condom use and high levels of sexually transmitted diseases. Women are the most infected. Sexual transmission most commonly occurs when there is a contact between sexual secretions of an infected person with the rectal, genital or oral mucous membranes of another. The virus can enter through the lining of the vagina, vulva, penis, rectum or mouth during sex.

(ii) Blood Products

HIV transmission through unsafe blood accounts for the second largest source of HIV infection in Nigeria. This is because not all Nigerian hospitals have the technologutto effectively screen blood. Recipients of blood transfusion and blood products stand a risk of getting infected with HIV from contaminated blood or blood components. This is why blood should be properly screened to ensure that it is not infected with HIV before it is passed or transfused into the body.

(iii) Sharing of Sharp and Piercing Objects

This is another cause of HIV infection in the world. HIV is frequently spread among injection-drug users who share needles or strings that are contaminated with blood from an infected person. It can also be spread in health-care centres through accidental needle sticks or contact with contaminated fluids. Medical practinioner such as nurses, laboratory technologist, etc, should ensure that used syringe and needles are not re-used for other patients under their care. The virus can also be spread through sharing of unsterilized barbing clippers, razor blades, and other sharp piercing objects for pedicure and manicure .

(iv) Mother-to-child Transmission

An expectant mother (pregnant woman) who has been infected with HIV can pass the virus to her unborn child if she is not treated. The transmission of the virus from the mother to the child can occiroin the womb (uterus) during the last weeks of pregnancy and at child birth.
[caption id="attachment_201" align="aligncenter" width="300"]Patient immune with HIV AIDS HIV AIDS patient in hospital[/caption]

Symptoms and Effects of HIV/AIDS

The symptoms of HIV/AIDS include the following :
  • Fever
  • Flui-like illness
  • Sweats (particularly at night)
  • Weakness
  • Weight loss
  • Enlarged lymph nodes in the neck
  • Chills
  • Swollen glands
It is noticed that many people do not show or develop symptoms when they first contact HIV. Also, the progression of the disease varies widely among individuals or group of individuals. Some of the symtopssymentioned above usually disappear on their own within a few weeks. After that, the infected person feels normal and has no symptoms. This development is known as the Asymptomatic phase. This phase may last for a few months go more than ten years. During this period, the virus continues to multiply actively and HIV infects and kills the cells of the immune system. The virus destroys cells that are the primary infection fighters, a type of white blood cell called CD4 T cells. Even though the person has no symptom, he or she is contagious and can pass HIV to other through the routes mentioned above.
AIDS is the later stage of HIV infection, when the body begins loosing it's ability to fight infection. The CD4 T cells count fall low enough and an infected person is said to have AIDS. Sometimes, the diagnosis of AIDS is made because the person has unusual infections or cancers that shows how weak the immune system is.
The infection, called opportunistic infections, takes advantage of the opportunity to infect a weakened host. These infections include:
  1. Pneumonia
  2. Severe fever
  3. Weight loss
  4. Prolonged cough
  5. Anaemia
  6. Skin cancer
  7. Prolonged diarrhoea
  8. General body weakness
  9. Severe headache
  10. A change in mental status

Stigmatization Of People Living With HIV/AIDS

Stigmatization is a mark of disgrace associated with a particular circumstance, quality or person. It also means to openly condemn as disgraceful.
HIV/AIDS stigmatization and discrimination occurs due to pre-existing stigmatization based on sexuality, gender, race and poverty. Because HIV/AIDS is mostly sexually transmitted, it is believed that homosexuals and promiscuous women and men are to be blamed for the epidemic.
Also, HIV/AIDS stigma can be based on gender. For example, in some areas where heterosexual transmission is significant, the spread of the infection has been associated with female behaviour that is not consistent with gender norms examples prostitution is widely perceived as acts by female that is against social norms, and female sex workers are often perceived as 'rector' of the infection who put their clients and their clients' sexual partners at risk.
Furthermore, racial and ethnic factor contribute to HIV/AIDS related stigmatization. Here, the way people of a particular race or ethnic group are perceived determines how they react to the HIV/AIDS epidemic, and how people outside their race or ethnic group would relate to them.

   Lastly, the social class that an individual belongs determine the level of people he or she rotate with in the society. The poor, homeless, lawless and jobless are more stigmatized and discriminated than the rich and affluent. As a result, poverty increases vulnerability to HIV/AIDS. In some contexts also, the epidemic has been characterized by assumption about the rich, and HIV/AIDS has been associated with affluent lifestyles.

People living with HIV/AIDS are openly abused and maltreated due to their status. The consequences are not palatable and included the following:
  •  Rejection by family
  • They suffers rejection from friends and peers
  • The community rejects them
  •  Poor treatment at healthcare facilities
  •  Poor treatment in education settings
  • Denial of rights
  • Psychological damage.
As a result of all the above highlighted consequences of stigmatization, many people are afraid to visit the hospital to know their HIV/AIDS status or seek treatment if they have the disease. A number of factors contribute to the stigmatization of people living with HIV and AIDS. these include the following;
  1.  HIV/AIDS is a killer disease and therefore people react to it in a strong way.
  2. AIDS is often thought to be the consequence of a wayward life or personal irresponsibility.
  3.  AIDS/HIV is associated with behaviors that are already stigmatized or rejected in many societies. Such behaviors include prostitution, drug addiction, etc.
  4. There is misperceptions and wrong information about how HIV/AIDS is transmitted creating irrational behavior against people living with HIV/AIDS.

EFFECT OF STIGMATIZATION ON PEOPLE LIVING WITH HIV/AIDS

Stigmatization of people living with HIV and AIDS has alot of adverse effects. Research by the International Centre for Research on Women (ICRW) found the possible consequences of HIV related stigma to be :
• Loss of income/livelihood;
• Loss of marriage and child bearing option;
• Lack of attention by some medical personnel;
• Withdrawal of care giving in the home;
• Loss of hope and a feeling of worthlessness;
• Loss of reputation.
To avoid the consequences or effects above, there is a need to do the following to the people living with HIV/AIDS
(i) Show them love and care.
(ii) Relate to them as normal human being.
(iii) Do not discriminate them or deny them of their rights.
(iv) Accept them so as to enable them have a sense of belonging.
(v) Give them necessary healthcare and support when needed.
(vi) Give them work to earn income for a living (might not necessarily be hard job).
(viii) Do not see them as suffering from the consequences of prostitution or promiscuity. You need to understand that some people got infected through blood transfusion or sharing of needles or syringes.
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Monopoly (Controls Causes Advantage)

Monopoly has different controls which we shall be highlighting but first let's define it
This is a situation where there is only one producer or supplier of a particular commodity and who has the power to influence the price of the commodity in his/her favor.
Monopoly

Causes Of Monopoly

  1. Natural cause
  2. Merging of producers
  3. Act of Parliament
  4. Advertising
  5. Patent law
  6. To protect public interest
  7. The level of technology

Advantages

  1. It increases production
  2. Increase in supply
  3. It increases profit
  4. It avoids waste
  5. Consumers will benefit
  6. It leads to invention
  7. Creation of employment
  8. Cost per unit of the goods will reduce
  9. Prevents over production
  10. Members of staff may benefit by way of bonus
  11. Good use of resources
  12. Expansion is possible.

Disadvantages of  Monopoly

There are lot of disadvantages but in exam conditions you will only need to highlight some, below are the disadvantages of monopoly
  1. It breeds inefficiency
  2. Reduction in supply
  3. Results in inflation
  4. Causes unemployment
  5. Consumers bear the brunt
  6. It increases the cost of goods
  7. Results in over-production and wastage
  8. It leads to scarcity of goods
  9. Consumers are denied their traditional right of choose and pick.

Controls Of Monopoly

You can control it through the following methods
  • Privatization
  • Reduction in tariff
  • Discouraging advertising
  • Discouraging merging of firms
  • Issuing of more import licence.
  • Stopping the issuance of patent law.
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IJMB Offers Admission Without Jamb

Admission into higher institution in nigeria has been an unending issues as students await UTME year after year hoping the next UTME might be the possible solution to their admission related issue, however, national estimation has shown that UTME is not the best alternative for securing admission stating that only 20% of the annual UTME candidates ends up securing admission successfully with the Post UTME as Post UTME has been proved to be another barrier to securing admission into university, this simply means yearly, only 320,000 out of every 1,600,000 JAMB(UTME) aspirants gain admission successfully, however it has been proven that IJMB is best alternative.

WHAT IS IJMB

IJMB means Interim Joint Matriculation Board is a nine months Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria moderated Advanced Level (A'Level) programme. IJMB is a federal government programme approved programme, IJMB is moderated by Ahmadu Bello University, ABU Zaria and IJMB is certified by Nigerian University Commission (NUC). IJMB is designed to solve admission menace of candidates as an alternative mode of gaining admission into tertiary institutions in Nigeria into 200 level via Direct Entry (D.E) without UTME/JAMB and other related modes of entry.
The full meaning of IJMB is Interim Joint Matriculation Board – it is a program that has been fully certified and the IJMB examination is called IJMBE which is Interim Joint Matriculation Board Examination, IJMBE was held first in the year 1977 after it first started in the year 1976.
IJMB is an approved 9 month programme by Federal Government as a platform for securing university admission into any university in Nigeria and abroad, it is moderated by Ahmadu Bello University ABU Zaria with various Study Centres Nationwide (36 states).

IJMB has been designed to serve as an alternative to university admission, as it requires no JAMB nor post UTME, Also Awaiting result candidate can apply. All its requires is your o'level result be it Waec, neco, nabteb etc (5 credit one sitting,and 6 credit two sittings).
Statistics has proven that annually, 20,000 applicants put in for the programme and over 15,000 candidates secure admission with it into 200 level to their preferred university & course giving of a success story of over 75% of the applicants as compared to JAMB which close to 1.6 million applicants sit for and just 20% fraction get admitted
It is fully certified by Nigeria University Commission (NUC) as an A'level programme that serves as a mode of entry into the university today, statistically as its provides a unique platform for realizing the dream of university education-even in a more efficient way than. JAMB because it aids in securing admission into 200 LEVEL upon completion of the programme. CHECK JAMB BROCHURE TO CONFIRM.
Interested IJMB Candidate are expected to select any THREE (3) A/L SUBJECTS (English Compulsory) related to their course of study in the university. Candidates would then be lectured on these subjects for a period of 9month and then write the final examination. On completion of the programme, Candidates therefore use their IJMB result to secure admission into 200 level in any Nigeria university via Direct Entry. Interested Candidate can confirm from Jamb brochure to see IJMB as a direct entry requirement into 200level.
IJMB is presently accepted in 80% of Nigerian Universities, click here to view list of universities that accept it, It has been estimated that 80% of IJMB applicants scores over 6 points annually and 70% uses it as their gateway into 200 level. Only a dullard student will not make 6points out total of 15point criteria for crossing the hurdle into 200 Level.

How To Apply

Click this link to apply
Click me

Admission Requirements

Applicants must pass five subjects at credit level at not more than two sittings in the SSCE/GCE organized by WAEC, NECO, NABTEB and should include the major subjects of study
Candidates who are expecting the release of their ‘O’ level results CAN also apply by indicating their “Awaiting Result” status appropriately ONLINE.
(ii) Duration of Programme:
The programme is for a duration of 9 month divided into two semesters
(iii) Eligibility:
IJMB programme is open to all interested candidate nationwide.
(iv) Venue of Programme:
The venue of the programme depends on the choice of candidate, all interested IJMB Applicant are expected to choose the centres they which to do the programme from list of available centres within or closer to their location during their online registration.
(v) Closing Date :
The registration is ongoing and closes soon. However, their study centres are based on availability, So therefore earlier registration is advisable.
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My Village Prince And I

MY VILLAGE PRINCE AND I

(Sequence 1)

My village prince and i

I opened my eyes to behold a new day, the sun has not yet raised so it was easy to tell that it was still very early in the morning, I looked out of the window that was just opposite my bed without moving, wasn't ready to get up just yet, well that has been my routine for the pass four years that my father died, ever since I was a child I would wake up so early just to go with him to check his traps sometimes he took me along when ever the place is close by while other times he refuse saying he was going deep down into the forest,even after he was gone I still find myself waking up early at each passing day because waking up early was already used to me.

The sky was be coming clearer that also brighten up my room giving way to see how tidy my room is which consists of a mattress that is lay on the floor facing the window which is covered with a curtain and the door by my head side also covered with a curtain, my bags which we normally call Ghana must go four of them place at the ending of the bed very close to the window, a ceiling fan and a blue carpet which goes with the wall, it's a small room but comfortable for me

I was still waiting for the sun to fully rise while my mind went to the activities I had to take care of that morning trying to arrange the chores in my head because today being Saturday I have a lot to take care of, I rose up immediately as soon as the sun had fully risen putting on my clothes I left my room, I passed my mother's room which was just close to my room heading to the backyard, I didn't want to disturb my mother because I knew she will still be sleeping, I don't need to described my house because it's just a commonly villages house that has four rooms, a sitting room, a kitchen that is built at the backyard, then at the left side is the bathroom, there was enough space in the compound so most of the empty space we turned it into a farm.

I took some water with a small bowl from one of the water drum that was placed just close to the kitchen, using the water to wash my face, hands and feet, there wasn't need to take my bath that morning as I had lot of house chores that needed to be done, I gently place the bowl back at it spot and I picked up my bucket and my wrapper that was hanging on the rope and headed to the public borehole.

Amucha is recognized as one of the peaceful community in Imo state, with good roads, standard education, steady lights and water and Of course good security, enriched with a lot of natural resources and cultural heritage, for this purpose both the rich and the poor acknowledge Amucha as a home to stay or visit making my village one of the richest in all of igbo land that you will mistake it for a little city, with constant borehole you don't have to worry about having clean water.

I met Chiamaka few meters away from my house waiting for me, she was also holding a bucket and a small cloth, she looks beautiful in her blue dress,

Chiamaka is what they call your black is so beautiful, she was not too tall but okey for a girl her age. Chiamaka and i are age mates, she is dark in complexion while am very fair in complexion, she is taller then I am because an average in height, but we both have same shape in fact we are both beautiful, as I approach her she let out a warm smile.

CHIAMAKA: Good morning Amarachi.

AMARACHI: Good morning, how was your night.

CHIAMAKA: my night was not bad, I won't bother to ask about yours because I know it was good.

Both of us laugh it off.

AMARACHI: let's us be going, you know I want us to quickly get there on time so we could also leave there on time before Ada and her body guards comes ohhh.

When I said bodyguards I meant her two serpents that are with her as a form of friends Oluchi and Ugoma.

CHIAMAKA: you are right, you know that girl is trouble. We quickly set on our way not wanting to waste another time standing there, I was really avoiding Ada because she was trouble to me, Ada was a girl around my age I guess, she was one of the people that makes my life miserable in Amucha village, she is the only daughter of a very powerful chief and I heard that he is also good friend to the king (i don't know his name) so that always gives her the power to do what she want, well to me obviously, I wasn't scared of her but I was just trying to stay out of trouble since she is classed as one.

We arrived at the borehole on time thanks to God there was less people there, it got to our turn and we quickly fetch our water, helping each other we put the bucket on our heads and headed on our way, I thanked God that I passed this morning without facing Ada but my appreciation didn't have the time to get to heaven because Ada decided to show her face, she and her two devils Oluchi and Ugoma walk majestically directly to us, I guess they have already seen us.

CHIAMAKA: ( in a whisper) talk of the she devil and her serpents.

I let out a loud sigh I already knew today is going to be another episode of war.

To be Continued
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Most Difficult Courses To Study In Nigeria

Most difficult courses to study in Nigeria. 
Of course there is no such thing as an easy course in the higher institution. But taking some of them may be a real challenge for you. It is nothing to be afraid of though. It takes only the hardworking and the dedicated to study these courses.
So here are list of courses that we find difficult to study in Nigeria Universities;

Engineering


While you are studying engineering, be prepared to learn all the difficult subjects – from the mechanics to chemical engineering. So you should better buy the biggest calculator you can find.

Chemistry


  Chemistry sounds fun. It is fun if you imagined some guys in the lab that mix some elements and make everything blow. But it turns out that this course is one of the most difficult and includes more math and physics, than you could imagine.

Bio-Chemistry



This course also sounds fun. Some people think that this is a mix of biology and chemistry. In fact you will have to deal with big organic structures, develop your logical skills and do a lot of mathematical calculations. You will be forced to develop your memory skills as well to remember difficult structures of carbohydrate and enzyme. You will have to learn a lot within a short period of time.

Pharmacy



When you are applying for this course, you might have thought that it would be easier than medicine. But then, you quickly understand that you were wrong. You will be dealing with even more math, physics and chemistry than for Medicine courses. But don’t forget that nothing is impossible. And if you study hard enough and graduate, you will be rewarded by a highly paying job, which can be a real pleasure for you.

Architecture



You imagine yourself drawing marvelous projects of skyscrapers. But then you understand that you would be studying a lot of math, optics, drawing and geometry. So it can be not as friendly as you thought.

Medicine



The hardest thing here is to understand that after you graduate, you would be responsible for people’s lives. And during the course of your study, you will be forced to read dozens of heavy textbooks. And don’t forget about passing MBBS exam, which contains Anatomy, physiology and biochemistry.
Note : This post is not meant to discourage you from reading any of the above course but rather was meant for audience to have an insight of what and how the course looks like, hence it just for interaction purpose .
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Chapter 2 Of A Woman In Her Prime

Chapter 2 of a woman in her prime.

The god Tano was carried on the head of a middle aged man strongly built in the shoulder. He was in a state of possession. With him in the room was the priest.

Priest : Rub the leaves in your left hand, and as the juice emerges, rub it on your body. After your bath with the water boiled with the tree barks, drink a cupful of the bath brew, and walk quickly to the house without turning back. All this should be done very early in the morning just as the dawn breaks. (The priest issuing these instructions after the consultation held his own ears by way of emphasizing to Pokuwaa the importance of her listening with care).
CHAPTER 2 OF A WOMAN IN HER PRIME
A woman in her prime

Kwadwo had come into the room also after the consultation was over, and he was standing beside Pokuwaa, nodding heavily as if the instructions were as much for him.
When it was all over, they bowed and left the shrine. Outside, other people were waiting their turns at consultation and sacrifice.
Kwadwo : I’m going to spend this whole week with you while you perform these purification rites, (his voice was comforting).

Pokuwaa : What about your wife? (Pokuwaa hadn’t expected him to offer do this for her, was pleased yet wanting to test him). She knew that Kwadwo’s wife had the right to resent such an arrangement, but in her heart she hoped that he meant it.
Pokuwaa : What about your wife? She won’t like it. You’d better go back to her, she said turning her eyes away from Kwado.
Kwadwo : No she will understand, I shall explain your problem to her.
They walked on in silence to Pokuwaa’s house. That night, when Kwadwo returned to her, she asked him whether his wife agreed to the arrangement.

Kwadwo : She says she does not mind, her only prayer is that this does help you to get a child. (he knew he was lying).  The talk with his wife had only resulted in a quarrel. She had protested vehemently against his spending all that week with Pokuwaa, saying that she would not sell her rights to any barren woman. Kwadwo had left the house in anger. Even as he told his lie now, he was looking for shadows, fearing that his angry wife might rush in at any minute trouble.
That night seemed to last a long time. Pokuwaa talked to Kwadwo endlessly to keep sleep away.
Pokuwaa : I don’t feel any of the excitement I used to feel on previous occasions when I had to make a sacrifice.
Kwadwo : Perhaps, that is a sign of greater confidence in success. Let’s hope that a child will come this time.
Pokuwaa : Do you believe that? I am looking forward to that day (with a sad voice). Oh, how I shall cling go that child… Even if I have to stay away from work on the farm, she sighed.
Kwadwo : (laughing). And what will you eat? asked gently.
Pokuwaa : God is there. We shall eat, sighing again.
Kwadwo : Yes, he will give us to eat… If we work.
Pokuwaa : (laughed) I remember the story of the two men who went to the Denteh fetish for consultations. One was told he would become rich and prosperous; the other that he would die in poverty.

Kwadwo : (interrupting) Yes, I know. The story was a well known joke. And the one who had been promised wealth sat under the village silk cotton tree waiting for his fortune, while the other man applied himself on his farm.
Pokuwaa : And who was it who died in poverty?
Kwadwo : Are you asking me? Laughed.
They were both laughing as they recited together, ‘The one who was waiting for the gods to provide.’
Pokuwaa : (stretched her limbs in the bed murmuring,) Yes, it does seem that, in this world of ours, those promised impending riches never get them.

Kwadwo was tired. He hadn’t slept for two nights. He had been attending a funeral celebration at Ninting. It was not a small effort to return from there in time for Pokuwaa’s consultation at Tanofie. Ninting was a long journey from Brenhoma.

Kwadwo : If you hadn’t been worried about the black hen this morning, (turning to her) You would have had to worry about my not arriving here at the time you expected me. Part of the distance I had to run. You would have laughed to see me jumping over logs, and rushing as if someone was pursing me. (he touched her as she laughed tenderly in the dark) and all that rushing was on a stomach that had been punished with funeral fasting for two days. I wish we didn’t have to wait for the dead to be buried before we can eat.

Pokuwaa : Don’t tell me you mind fasting at your own grandfather’s funeral. (Pokuwaa knew Kwadwo wouldn’t take offence at this).  Besides, (she teased) what about all the palm wine you men take the opportunity to drink just because custom allows you to kill your thirst?
Kwadwo : If you women envy us on that, let me testify to you that pots of palm wine on an empty belly do the body no good at all.

Pokuwaa : Then why…?
Kwadwo : Pokuwaa! (Kwadwo didn’t have to say anymore than to stop her pursuing the subject). They both laughed again. Soon after the old man was quietly laid in his pit, and the last of my responsibilities had been carried out, I left Ninting with some other people. I was in so great a hurry that i got far ahead of them. Kwadwo smiled to himself as he heard again in his head sound of his own mellow voice shouting to his fellow travelers to speed up, and echoing through the forest strangely in the darkness before dawn. Also he continued, ‘ i prayed’.

The room became very quiet as he sat thinking of how he had prayed as his feet brushed the dew. He had called on great Tano to make it for Pokuwaa to bear a child. The thought that she had divorced two earlier husbands because she couldn’t have a child with them had come strongly to him then, And he had vowed to do everything he could to make the sacrifices a success. He was very anxious to save his own marriage with this woman.
These heavy thoughts were a burden. He fell back, pulled the cotton blanket over his head, and went to sleep.
Pokuwaa : (whispered) Are you asleep?
And there was no answer, she busied herself for a little with the lamp. The rag wick in the earthen pot was sputtering and would soon go out. She always had a supply of good oil skimmed from palm soup. With some of this she filled the lamp. It was soon burning steadily again. As she slipped quietly beside Kwadwo again he felt her touch and stirred.
Pokuwaa : You must not leave me to sleep alone (she murmured). Sometimes when I’m alone like that I begin to wish I had a husband of my own.

Kwadwo : You mean, I am not man for you?
Pokuwaa : I mean someone who hasn’t got another wife. And then I shall not have lonely nights, and can come close to him when I hear ghosts moving through the night, and fear.
Kwadwo : touched her and said Pokuwaa. And she could feel that he was there. Did this feeling of wanting him always by her side means that she loved him? She knew that whenever he wasn’t with her she felt dejected and insecure. And then she would lie in bed turning all night toll cockcrow when signs of day would bring relief. She would get up then and pick up her pot to fetch water. She would anxiously count the three days he had to spend away with his other wife.

Pokuwaa : Yes without a child I am a person who needs your company. When you’re away, I’m alone. But if the high God is there, who comfort people, some day I shall have my own child to comfort and keep me company. A matter of time… And luck. Oh Adwoa! What luck is mine! People get children without going through half the troubled oath I’m traveling now. I can’t sleep, and I am always waiting for dawn.
She sat up and watched Kwadwo’s calm, sleeping face. She drew nearer to him and lying down pulled part of the blanket over to herself. Sharing in his calmness, she herself was soon visited by sleep.

Kwadwo was first to wake up. He found Pokuwaa still by his side, and realised that the white clay marks were not on her body. The scent of pepre seeds with which she should besmear herself was also absent. And it was already daylight. His heart gave a big thump. He lifted her body and sat her up. The sun was shining already. He could hear birds, and the fowls and goats outside.
Pokuwaa rubbed her eyes, looked round, and becoming aware of the situation cried with despair, ‘Alas! The fist day of sacrifice is lost.
here is a link to chapter 
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Lectportal